The Art of Geometric Drawing: Understanding The Basics

The Basics of Geometric Drawing

Understanding Geometric Shapes

Imagine you’re playing with building blocks. Some are squares, some are triangles, and others might be circles or rectangles.

When you draw, you’re doing something similar, but on paper.

Geometric drawing is all about using basic shapes to create cool pictures. You don’t need to be a math wizard to get it right. It’s more about seeing how shapes fit together, like pieces of a puzzle.

This skill is super handy, especially if you’re into making your drawings look real and three-dimensional.

It’s all about the magic of geometric perspective or making things look like they’re popping out or going back into the page.

The 5 Geometric Shapes for Drawing

Let’s dive into the toolbox of shapes you’ll use in geometric drawing. Think of these shapes as the “Fab Five”: squares, triangles, circles, rectangles, and hexagons.

These guys are the building blocks for almost everything you’ll draw. From the simple petals of a flower to the complex structure of a skyscraper, it all starts with these basic shapes.

Mastering how to draw these five will give your drawings a solid foundation. And yes, even that fancy Islamic Geometric painting you admire starts with these simple shapes.

This geometric drawing art uses all of the 5 basic shapes
This geometric drawing art uses all of the 5 basic shapes

The Simplest Geometric Shape

If we had to elect a shape president, the circle would win by a landslide. It’s the simplest yet most versatile shape in the geometric drawing world.

You can use it to sketch a sun in the sky, the wheels on a car, or even the base for a character’s head. It’s your go-to shape for anything that doesn’t have corners.

Drawing a perfect circle freehand is tricky, but that’s where tools come to the rescue.

Tools for Geometric Drawing

You might think you need fancy gadgets to start, but you really don’t. A pencil, a ruler, and a compass are your best friends in geometric art.

The ruler helps you draw straight lines – super useful for squares and triangles. And the compass? It’s not just for finding North. It helps you draw perfect circles or arcs every time. These tools make your drawings neat and balanced, keeping those geometric shapes in check.

When drawing, remember these tools are here to make things easier, not to restrict your creativity.

Advanced Techniques in Geometric Drawing

Perspective in Geometric Drawing

Alright, let’s dive a bit deeper into your geometric drawing journey. Ever wondered why some drawings look like they pop off the page? That’s all thanks to geometric perspective, or as some folks call it, linear perspective. Imagine you’re standing on a really long road.

The road seems to narrow down to a point far away, right? That’s perspective in action. In geometric drawing, you use this neat trick to make your art look three-dimensional and real.

When you’re sketching a building, for instance, you’ll want its top and bottom to seem like they’re meeting at a far-off point.

This point is your vanishing point, sitting right on what’s called the horizon line. Think of the horizon line as your eye level – anything above it is like you’re looking up, and anything below is like looking down.

Got it? Great! Now, let’s play with this idea a bit. By drawing lines that aim for this vanishing point, your buildings, roads, or even your fantasy castles will look like they’re stretching into the distance.

It’s like you’re giving flat shapes a life of their own. And who wouldn’t want to do that?

Symmetry and Patterns

Let’s talk about symmetry and patterns. You see them everywhere: in tiles, fabrics, even in nature! Symmetry is all about balance.

Split a design down the middle, and both sides should look like mirror images. This might sound a bit plain Jane, but trust me, it’s a game-changer in geometric art drawing.

Have you seen Islamic geometric paintings? They’re a whirl of colors and shapes, all tightly bound in symmetry.

islamic geometric art

You can create something just as mesmerizing. Start with a simple shape – a square or a hexagon.

Now, draw the same shape around it, keeping everything evenly spaced. Before you know it, you’ve got a pattern that looks complex but feels like child’s play to make.

But it’s not all about mirroring. Sometimes, the fun lies in breaking the mold. Twist that symmetrical pattern a bit, add an unexpected shape, or change the colors as you move outward.

Types of Geometric Drawing

Geometric drawings are pictures or designs made using shapes like squares, circles, and triangles. Here are some types you might find interesting:

Simple Shapes:

These are drawings made with basic shapes. Think of drawing a house using just squares and triangles.


These drawings repeat the same shapes over and over in a neat order. Imagine tiling a floor where each tile is a square or a hexagon that fits perfectly next to the others.

pattern geometric drawing

3D Shapes:

Drawings that look like they pop out at you, like cubes or spheres. It’s like drawing a box to look like you could reach out and grab it.

3d shapes geometric drawing

Optical Illusions:

These are really cool drawings that trick your eyes. They use geometric shapes to make it look like the picture is moving or has more depth than it really does.

optical illusion geometric art

Islamic Geometric:

This style uses shapes to create intricate patterns that look like they could go on forever. They are very detailed and are often found in mosques.

sample islamic geometric art


These are circular designs that start from the center and move outwards with lots of repeating patterns and shapes. They can be simple or very complex.

mandala geometric art

How To Start A Geometric Art Drawing

How To Start Geometric Art

Starting a geometric art drawing can feel like solving a mystery puzzle where each piece fits perfectly, creating a masterpiece.

So, let’s dive in and see how you can create your own easy geometric art without feeling lost in the maze of lines and shapes.

First things first, let’s talk about freehand geometry. Yes, you read that right. Grab a pencil, and let’s play with shapes.

You don’t need fancy tools to start. Drawing circles, squares, and triangles can spark the magic of geometric art. It’s like building blocks; start simple and see where it takes you. Geometric drawing is easy when you know how.

Geometric Drawing might sound serious, but it’s all about having fun with lines and making shapes that feel right to you.

Think about it like doodling, but with a purpose. Your drawing doesn’t have to make sense to anyone but you. If it feels good, you’re doing it right.

Moving on, mastering geometric art is also about understanding geometric balance shapes.

It might sound fancy, but all it means is making sure your drawing feels balanced, like it’s not going to tip over if it were a real object.

Play around with different shapes and sizes until it looks ‘just right’ to your eyes.

For those interested in Islamic Geometric paintings, it’s a beautiful world of intricate designs waiting for you.

These designs are like a visual journey, taking you through stories told in shapes and patterns.

Start with simple patterns and let your curiosity lead you to more complex designs.

Ever heard of geometric perspective or linear perspective? These are just fancy terms for making your drawings look 3D.

Geometric perspective is like magic, turning flat shapes into objects that look like they could pop off the page.

Try drawing a road or a set of railway tracks and seeing how they seem to meet at a point in the distance. That’s geometric perspective in action.

A bonus of diving into geometric art is improving your spatial faculties. It’s like a workout for your brain, making you better at imagining how things fit together in space.

Who knew art could make you smarter?

Remember, geometric art is all about exploration and experimentation. There are no strict rules.

Tips for Enhancing Your Geometric Drawings

Color Schemes and Combinations

Picking colors for your geometric art should be as fun as a day at the candy store. Think of your drawing as a blank canvas waiting to tell a story through colors.

Start with colors that chill well together – like red and orange for warmth or blue and green for a cool vibe. Mixing them up isn’t a crime, it’s creativity!

For geometric balance shapes, you can’t go wrong with contrasting colors. They stand out and make each shape pop.

If you’re working on Islamic Geometric paintings, choose colors that reflect the culture and depth of these designs.

And hey, if you’re unsure, take a freehand geometry approach. Pick colors at random and see where your art takes you. It’s all good as long as you’re having fun.

Adding Depth and Dimension

Flat drawings are so last season. Let’s bring your geometric drawings to life! Geometric perspective, or linear perspective as the cool kids say, is your secret weapon here.

It’s all about making shapes look 3D and real enough to grab. Here’s a fun trick: pick a point on your paper that all lines will aim for.

This is called the vanishing point, and it’s like playing darts with lines. Suddenly, your shapes will start to look like they’re moving back in space.

To add more oomph, play with shading. Imagine the sun’s hitting your drawing from one side.

Where would the shadows fall? Darken those areas slightly, and you’ll see your shapes start to jump off the page. It’s a simple move, but it makes a huge difference.

geometric drawing
“DSCN0277” by PKravitz1 is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Some examples of Geometric Drawings

Here are some examples of geometric drawings that I have found online that are designed to inspire you to look beyond the boring that you may have been shown in school and see how creative minds can apply the boring to be amazing.

marilyn monroe
mandala g7e45ad921 640
Mandala by Tina T.

Cubism Is Not Geometric Drawing

While you may think that because it contains the word cube, cubism had very little to do with geometric drawing.

Cubism was a movement that aimed to de-construct and reassemble objects and images to break them down into their most basic geometric shapes.

Sometimes known as fracturing or decomposition, this technique gave rise to many surrealistic paintings of the period which helped inspire future movements such as Dadaism.

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